Bannière de la Paix

Conférence La Bannière de la paix face à la perte du Sacré – Grand Orient de Suisse

Je remercie d’entrée les organisateurs de cette manifestation culturelle pour me permettre de présenter en quelques mots Le Cercle International de la Bannière de la Paix de Genève et Pax Cultura France que je représente.

Celles-ci ont pour vocation de promouvoir la Bannière de la Paix qui fut adoptée en 1933 à Washington sous le nom de son instigateur « Pacte Roerich » puis reprise en 1954 sous le nom du Traité de la Haye pour la protection du Patrimoine culturel International.

 

Notre leitmotiv est : « La Culture au service de la Paix » thème en total harmonie avec le sujet qui nous réunit aujourd’hui.

U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield – Roerich Pact

The first convention dedicated exclusively to the protection of cultural property in times of war, the ‘Roerich Pact’ (15 April 1935), began as a private initiative by Nicholas Roerich, a Russian artist born on October 9, 1874, in St. Petersburg, whose passion for the protection of cultural property was sparked by the neglect of ancient monuments he witnessed during a visit to Russia in 1903-1904. Upon his return to the U.S. in 1904 he began the development of proposals for an international pact for the protection of educational, scientific and artistic institutions and missions.

With the Red Cross as his model,

UNESCO exhibition The Roerich Pact – 2012

The Roerich Pact: the past and the present

Rights reserved

Five days to discover the career and the commitment to peace and protection of cultural heritage of Nicolas Konstantinovitch Roerich (1874 -1947), Russian humanist, painter, writer, archaeologist.

This exhibition, organized by the International Centre of the Roerichs (ICR), traces the life of Nicolas Roerich, his commitment through the history of the Roerich Pact and Banner of Peace, and twenty years activity of the Center dedicated to the promotion of the Pact.

The inauguration of the exhibition is scheduled at 6 p.m.,

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Roerich Pact – Wikipedia

The Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments or Roerich Pact is an inter-American treaty. The most important idea of the Roerich Pact is the legal recognition that the defense of cultural objects is more important than the use or destruction of that culture for military purposes, and the protection of culture always has precedence over any military necessity.

The Roerich Pact

In 1929 Roerich in collaboration with Paris University professor G.G. Shklyaver prepared a draft of an international treaty dedicated to protection of cultural values.

ICRC - Geneva

ICRC Treaties – Roerich Pact

Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments (Roerich Pact). Washington, 15 april 1935.

Provision was made for the special protection of cultural property in earlier treaties, particularly in Article 27 of the Hague Regulations of 1899 and 1907 and Article 5 of the Hague Convention (IX) concerning Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War of 1907. These provisions make it the duty of the inhabitants to indicate cultural property by distinctive signs. Further provisions were included in the Hague Rules of Air Warfare of 1922/23, especially in Articles 25 and 26.

Following a suggestion made by Professor Nicholas Roerich,

Roerich Pact Peace Through Culture

The documentary is dedicated to the problem of preservation of cultural values and the topicality of the Roerich Pact in the modern world. It shows the footage of ISIS militants and other terrorist groups crushing historical buildings. Prominent governmental and public officials express their opinion, show their attitude to these events and talk about future steps needed to be taken to save the world cultural heritage. The main purpose of the documentary is to demonstrate the scale of the world culture destruction and appeal to the world community to stand for its defense on the legal basis of international law and,

Roerich Peace Pact.

TODAY is APRIL 15TH, 2015 (10.12 ~KIN 12 12HUMAN). On a day like today 80 years ago in 1935, the first REAL step towards a peaceful World was taken in Washington DC: The Roerich Pact was first agreed to by twenty-one nations of the Americas and signed as a treaty in the White House, in the presence of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, by all the members of the Pan-American Union. It was later signed by other countries also.

The year 2015 marks the 80th anniversary of the signing of this groundbreaking treaty. “The history of international treaties shows us how many of them were relevant and applicable to the times in which they were signed,